© 2016 by Kathryn Hendrickson 

Glossary of Extended Techniques

Flutter tongue -

Roll the tongue while simultaneously play pitches. Some flutists perform this by "rolling their R's", and some gargle in the throat. 

     Found in: Vox Balaenae, Idyll for the Misbegotten, Night of the Four Moons, Federico's Little Songs for Children

Glissandi -

Slowly slide the fingers off of the holes and gently lift the fingers off the keys. It should as seamless as possible. The less pressure used, the more effortless the glissando will seem. 

     Found in : Vox Balaenae, Idyll for the Misbegotten

Harmonics - 

Notes produced by overblowing a note, without changing fingerings. The notes produced are based on the natural harmonic series. The support needed to play each partial is equivalent to the normal fingering.

     Found in: Vox Balaenae, Idyll for the Misbegotten, Night of the Four Moons, Federico's Little Songs for Children

Key clicks - 

A technique that involves fiercely pushing down one or more keys without blowing into the flute. This creates a percussive resonance in the flute tube. 

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten, Night of the Four Moons  

 

Measured vibrato - 

Taking the musical expressive tool, vibrato, and limiting the number of pulsations per beat. This creates a rigid and angular effect to the music.

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten

 

Pitch bends - 

Intentionally raising or lowering the pitch of a particular note. This can be executed by two ways: with

embouchure manipulation and covering/uncovering the tone hole, or sliding fingers off the holes of the open-hole flute.

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten, Night of the Four Moons, Federico's Little Songs for Children

Sharp inhalation of breath over the tone hole - 

Quickly inhale cold air (as if startled) over the tone hole of the flute. An airy, resonance with occur in the flute tube. 

     Found in: Vox Balaenae

 

Sing and play - 

Simultaneously humming and blowing air into the flute. Possible combinations for notation are: singing in unison with flute pitch, singing a steady pitch while the flute notes change, singing different notes while the flute stays on a steady pitch, or the voice and flute are performing different lines. 

     A) cover tone hole and sing drone -

                    Entirely cover the tone hole with the mouth. The lips should be almost covering the lip plate. Use this                               formation to sing a drone into the flute tube while changing fingerings. 

                         Found in: Vox Balaenae

     B) sing different pitches into flute -

                    Entirely cover the tone hole with the mouth. The lips should be almost covering the lip plate. Use this                               formation to sing a melodic line into the flute. The fingers can either stay idle, or be changing fingerings. 

                          Found in: Vox Balaenae 

 

Speak flute -

With the flute up to the mouth, articulate text over the tone hole. The words should be audible, with an airy resonance from the flute tube. Attention to vowel placement and consonance projection are key factors in this technique. 

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten, Federico's Little Songs for Children, Night of the Four Moons, Vox Balaenae

 

Tongue clicks -

Producing a sharp noise with the tongue as a separate articulation from the flute. This technique should dramatic and striking.

     Found in: Vox Balaenae 

Turtle dove tremolo -

While playing the note printed, simultaneously trill both trill keys and bend the pitch downward with the embouchure.

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten

 

Whistle tones - 

This technique occurs when the air is moving very slowly at low pressure. The vibrations occur in the lip plate, rather than in the flute tube under these circumstances; creating a delicate whistle. These tones speak best with third octave fingerings. 

     Found in: Idyll for the Misbegotten

 

Wide Vibrato-

Take the expressive tool vibrato, and exaggerate each pulsation to achieve the largest wave (or amplitude) in the sound as possible.

     Found in: Vox Balaenae, Night of the Four Moons